Intergovernmental Relations and Local Governments Essay
Local government is a level of government that is not mutually exclusive from the central government and provides administration at the grassroots level to meet the community’s immediate needs such as security, water, and sanitation. Therefore, it is a political subdivision of a country constituted by the constitution and has the authority to impose taxes on the respective resident and re responsibility to control the local affairs. Get legit paper writing services now!
In this case, intergovernmental relations involve the mutual interaction between the Federal and local government with the federal government’s domination (Behnke & Mueller, 2017). This is according to the legislative framework that describes vertical and horizontal intergovernmental relations.
Vertical intergovernmental relationships occur when dealing with two tiers of governmental relations, such as between the federal and local governments. Therefore, in this case, one level of government has a more dominant authority, the Federal government, on the other, which is the local government. Therefore power possession is the predominant feature in this type of intergovernmental relations, with the local government being placed under the state government.
In the United States, the federal government often interfered in the local government through the amalgamation of the local government and the dismissal of the authority of the councils in local matters without the consultation of the local government. Therefore, in the United States, the federal and state tend to share power, whereas the state government grants the local government the power to operate within a given jurisdiction (Schnabel & Mueller, 2017). Therefore the local government has its powers clearly states by the state government and the sources of the revenue.
The state governments also allocate the respective roads, public schools, and water, and other services such as emergence services, which a given local government provides to its respective residents. For example, the power interaction between Florida and the Miami-Dade County municipality, where the state government allocates the power on policy matters, has constitutional supremacy over the county government; thus, the relationship is involuntary. However, the state and local governments often cooperate in voluntary programs such as grants for the benefit of the locals (Schnabel & Mueller, 2017). Such programs are popular and may also involve the state governments subsidizing the various services in the local government, such a road construction.
On the other hand, horizontal intergovernmental relations involve the interaction of the exact tire of government, for example, among the local governments in various regions of the country. Therefore there is no power disparity between facilitating the negotiation of power, with each leveraging the resources within its jurisdiction (Behnke & Mueller, 2017).
This is the basis of why the In the United States horizontal intergovernmental relationship can be observed with the interaction between the states governments in the sharing of resources such as waters, for example, the sharing of water among counties within the state of California. This is facilitated by striking bilateral and multilateral agreements among local government agencies within the same tier.
Each of the local government agencies has a role to play in the agreements, for example, maintaining water consumption within a given quota allocated to the respective county. This is with the localized independence of each level of government and required the geographical proximity of the respective county governments in their sharing of natural resources.
All the horizontal intergovernmental relationships are voluntary and do not involve forceful compliance, where each of the parties can withdraw from the agreement (Behnke & Mueller, 2017). This may derail the services intended to benefit the local residents; therefore involuntary intergovernmental relation produces more efficient cooperation.