The Existence of God: Informative Essay Example
The evidence of the existence of God is central in the Philosophy of Science and the understanding of the scientific method. There are multiple arguments on the existence of God, which are often based on science, subjective perception, logic, metaphysics, and empirical evidence. This is discussion began with Aristotle and Plato in their quest to understand Cosmology.
Atheism: Denial of the Existence of God
Atheism is a position in the debate of the existence of good that is more in line with the scientific point of view. In this case, based on the fact that there is no adequate and objective evidence on the existence of God, there it would be illogical to believe that God exists. This essay shall explore the argument that the absence of evidence that God exists is evidence that believing in the existence of God is illogical.
Is the Existence of God Logical
One of the central concepts in this interrogation is the concept of logic. Science facilitates the systematic exploration of the various aspects of the natural world to understand the laws of nature. Logic is the art and science of proper reasoning based on discovering the rules between good and bad reasoning.
Therefore, logic provides the interaction between the various aspects of an idea based on the rational process. In the question of the existence of God, informal logic is used whereby deductive and inductive reasoning is used in making the argument of the existence of God. Theists often argue that the elegance of the laws of physics could be used as evidence of the existence of a creator (Sober, 2000).
Additionally, the fact that physical mechanisms in the body cannot explain human consciousness is an indication that a god can exist with non-physical aspects. Therefore, there is no scientific evidence of the existence of God. There is no scientific evidence that God exists. This means that even though science has facilitated the human understanding of the universe through physics and cosmology (Sober, 2015). However, none of this understanding is made the existence of God more of a probability.
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Relationship between Science and Religion
The relationship between science and religion is critical in understanding God’s existence. The two subjects tap into different aspects of human existence. In science, the evidence is drawn from the natural environment through experiments. This evidence can be checked independently by other scientists to guarantee objectivity. The question of the existence of God is answered with a hypothesis framed to confirm or disprove the existence of God.
Existence of God: Empirical and Objective Evidence
The theists do not rely on empirical and objective evidence to prove that God exists (Douven, 2021). The existence of God is taught to people who become believed and depend on their subjective experience to prove the existence of God. On the other hand, science is a tool for explaining the dynamics of the physical universe. However, it does not explain the purpose of the universal questions that philosophers and theologians address.
It is important to understand what is necessary to conclude that God does not exist. In order to determine whether the absence of God is evidence of the absence of God, it is necessary to know what would entail concluding that God does not exist. Theists have for millennia argued that the existence of human beings and other creatures is evidence that God exists.
Charles Darwin vs Christianity
Charles Darwin, however, proved that human beings have evolved over millions of years as they adapt to the changing condition of the plant (Sober, 2000). This disapproves that God created humankind about six millennia ago. Therefore, evolution proves that God did not create humankind; the same case applies to other animals. This weakens theist claim of the existence of a God, the creator of the universe. The Theory of Evolution is very important and impactful in understanding the universe and the diversity of life. It is, therefore, useful evidence that weakens the case that God exists.
The Absence of Evidence Fallacy
Logically, the absence of evidence of the existence of p is not evidence that p is absent. Since there is no evidence that God exists does not prove that God does not exist. It can be inferred that the probability of the existence of God is quite low and improves if more convincing evidence arises. The absence of evidence that God exists can be deduced to imply anything about their existence, including that God may or may not exist. This is regardless of the genesis of the perception of God with the absence of proof of existence.
It would be logical to be agnostic of the existence of God but does not prove that the atheist point of view is correct. In this case, if anyone claims that God exists, they should have evidence to support their claim; otherwise, it is invalid, and God does not exist (Douven, 2021). The conclusion that God does not exist can also be perceived as stronger, and the burden of proof lies on those who claim that God does not exist.
To be logical proof that God exists, a carefully designed whereby null results are evidence of absence. Therefore, the lack of evidence is informative; for example, if the question was on the side effects of a drug, the absence of evidence is evidence that there are no side effects. According to this interpretation, the absence of evidence that God exists is evidence that God does not exist. Theists believe that God creates an expectation of evidence; thus, the absence of this evidence is significant. If there is no scientific evidence that God exists, then it would be unscientific to believe God exists.
Is Theism Rational
On the other hand, theists claim that there is God, which is independent of scientific evidence. In this case, subjective arguments are used whereby personal witnesses are used to backing undoubted evidence of God’s existence. To them, God is metaphysically the ultimate being with both simple and absolute sovereignty. On the other hand, the classical theists believe that God cannot be wholly defined as including his existence (Sober, 2015). In this case, the subjective arguments tend to conflict from one religion to another, in the case of the identity of God and its requirements upon humanity.
Evidence of the Existence of God
This Absence of Evidence of the Existence of God paper concludes that if there is no evidence of the existence of P, it is not evidence that p does not exist. The same case applies to the question of the existence of God. The absence of evidence of the existence of God is not evidenced that God does not exist. However, in the case of science, a claim that God exists should come back in with evidence, and the absence of evidence means that the claim is invalid.
If there is no evidence that p exists, it would be irrational to believe that p exists. People who already believe in God should prove that God exists; otherwise, their belief is invalid and illogical. The burden of proof of the existence of God lies with the theists. And it is not up to scientists to prove that God does not exist, although scientific discoveries often weaken the case of the existence of God.
Douven, I. (2021). Abduction (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). Plato.stanford.edu. Retrieved 10 December 2021.
Sober, E. (2000). Philosophy of biology. Routledge.
Sober, E. (2015). Two Cornell realisms: moral and scientific. Philosophical Studies, 172(4), 905-924.