Critical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail

Critical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail

A Critical Analysis of Letter From Birmingham Jail outlines the motive behind Martin Luther King, Jr.’s movement in Birmingham as he explains why he wrote the letter.

Anyone who comes across the letter from Birmingham jail will try to do a Critical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail. This letter helps you understand Martin Luthers’ intention of participation in the non-violent movement. Letter from the Birmingham jail introduction gives you an overview of why he is writing the letter and who he is addressing it to.

When a person analyzes the letter critically, it is a chance for them to express their personal opinion, which can neither be positive or negative qualities. Analysis of argument in the letter from Birmingham city jail, helps one take neither of the sides but bring out their reflection.

Critical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail

How to do a Critical Analysis

When writing a critical analysis, it helps to demonstrate critical thinking skills. The skill is vital when working in the academic field when it comes to a decision making roles, managerial, as critics, and completing some educational courses. Critical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail gives you the Birmingham jail summary of the letter.

What Is A Critical Analysis

A critical analysis is a detailed evaluation and examination of a person’s work or idea. One writes a critical analysis to critique a film, a piece of literature, or a TV program. Critical Analysis of Letter From Birmingham Jail is written as a letter which is an as a paper or essay or report. An excellent critical analysis evaluates the idea and works in a balanced way highlighting its negative and positive qualities.

How To Write A Critical Analysis

Before writing a critical analysis, it is crucial to have an understanding of the work you are analyzing. For example, before writing a critical analysis of a letter, one is required to read it several times. When the letter is viewed for pleasure the first time, it is necessary to see it critically and determine the writer’s thesis and idea and how successful it is.

Making notes on the letter is advisable while reading hence referring to them in the writing process. To understand in-depth, additional research is essential as one gets conversant with any unfamiliar language. After feeling confident with the analyzed work, you are ready to complete the following steps to write a Critical Analysis of Letter From Birmingham Jail.

  1. Create an outline
  2. Write an introduction
  3. Write your body
  4. Conclude your critical analysis
  5. Proofread and refine your work

Create an outline

Create a bullet -point outline addressing the main point. It is essential to think critically about the work you are analyzing and the crucial parts when creating an outline. Throughout the writing process, refer to the outline to stay focused. Put in mind the length and structure required for the critical analysis when writing an outline. A lot of critical analyses introductions are concise, and the body paragraphs should be two to four like the as a paper or essay, followed by a conclusion. More or fewer paragraphs are allowed depending on the length of the critical analysis.

Write An Introduction

Have a section introducing the audience to the work you are analyzing and your opinion about it. The original creators’ thesis statement or aim and main idea and finish are to be defined by the thesis statement. The proper length is three to four sentences for most critical analysis introductions, for more complex critical analyses, it may be several paragraphs. The focus is on ensuring the introduction is engaging to attract the attention of the audience and encourage them to continue reading or listening to the critical analysis.

Write your body

The body paragraph should address the main key points in the introduction. It is common to have two to four body paragraphs, but having fewer or more is allowed depending on the guidelines one has received. Each body paragraph focus should be on a single idea. In the first sentence, state your purpose, using examples, and support the idea from the analyzed work. Incorporate quotes from the source supporting your claims. Formatted citations need to be added continuously to any included quotes.

Conclude the Critical Analysis

Write a conclusion to restate the perspective. The statement should be built in the body paragraph bringing the critical analysis to a stopping point naturally. There is similar content to the introduction, although expressed differently. For most conclusions like the letter from Birmingham jail analysis by paragraph, two to four sentences are satisfactory, but for some complex critical analysis conclusions, they may have numerous paragraphs.

Critical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail

Proofread and Refine the Work

Read through the critical analysis and ensure it sounds professional. In case of any grammatical errors, spelling, and awkward phrasing, make the necessary corrections. One will identify areas of improvement by reading through the critical analysis out loud. If you have time, read through a few hours or a few days after writing the critical analysis, which makes your work more effective. Proofread and refine the work many times until you are satisfied with your critical analysis. For extra input, you can request a professional editor, a trusted friend, or a colleague to proofread the work. They can identify more errors with their objective perspective making your critical analysis better.

Guidelines For Writing Critical Analysis

When using a proven strategy, critical analysis is better. For you to improve your critical analysis, incorporate into your writing practices the following tips:

  • Cross-reference your outline. You can cover all the intended points and stay focused when referring to your framework through the writing process.
  • Use transitional phrases and words. In addition and therefore, are examples of transitional phrases and words that help your paragraphs and sentences flow, and it creates a connection between your ideas.
  • Be concise. The writing is more persuasive and clear when you are writing succinctly.
  • Write logically. Organize your critical analyses in a way it makes sense with naturally flowing ideas.
  • Write in the third person. Unless advised otherwise, address your critical analysis and in the third person giving your work a sense of authority.

A Critical Analysis of Letter From Birmingham Jail


The Critical Analysis of Letter From Birmingham Jail is about the injustice African Americans faced in the US before civil rights laws were passed that lead to swiping of civil reforms. In the US, there was a guarantee of African American citizens to obtain equal rights. Martin Luther King jr wrote the letter to criticize the lack of progress and elimination of the American South oppressive segregation.

He criticizes the white leaders in the South by condemning them for not being vocal enough on evil inherent in segregation laws. He accuses the leaders of not supporting the movement of Americans in their attempt to having the laws repealed or changed.

The letter is addressed explicitly to the Jewish leaders and the Southern Christians, who had requested the Birmingham author to halt his non-violent campaigns for the sake of everyone’s peace in the city. King wrote his letter to explain why his campaign was essential. For similar future campaigns garner, he attempts to get rid of the repressive segregation laws in the American South. The letter is an analysis outline template for from Birmingham jail.

Two Authors Main Concern

The author addresses two vexing issues as he attempts to convince the Southern religious leaders why segregation law was unjust, and how injustice would lead to no change. King Indicates that segregation laws were not just due to them depriving African Americans of a sense of self. It was the African Americans’ obligation to fight unjust laws.

According to King, the Africans were made by the segregation law to acquire a sense of inferiority. King outlines all the evils faced by African Americans due to the law. Routinely, there were killing of Africans by police, lynched by mobs, called names such as boys, and they were not allowed in particular social spaces because of their race.

African American conscience was weight down slowly by such events, making them believe they were inferior to white counterparts. The author addresses the second issue, which is a belief that fighting for change and the repeal of the unjust laws can be delayed or postponed.

Critical Analysis and Response

King’s two concerns are justified. The letter from Birmingham jail arguments on segregation law has been inherently unjust, leading to a high poverty rate amongst African Americans where the African Americans felt inferior, which is plausible to the white counterparts.

Most religious, educational, private, and public institutions out of obedience to the state constitution would pursue policies entrenched by the segregation. African American children at a young age would face discrimination. Due to the high prevalence of the discriminative law, African Americans inevitably and quickly acquired a belief of belonging to the inferior race.

Critical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail

Critical Analysis of Letter From Birmingham Jail and letter from Birmingham jail rhetorical analysis is termed impatient with the pace of reform in the country. King tells the Southern leaders, who urged him to be patient when it came to his demands for reforms, if they were in their shoes and affected by the unjust segregation laws, they would not urge for patience and caution. Kings states that “freedom is never offered voluntarily by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.” African Americans had the right to engage in the non-violent protest pushing concerned leaders to repel the discriminative laws.


The author has expressed his purpose. He highlights the need for a pro-active approach and unjustness of the segregation laws to bring about the repealed laws. The Critical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail helps us to understand Kings’ motivation towards his movement.

What was the main point of the letter from Birmingham jail?

King emphasis people are resisting injustice everywhere when it comes to non-violent disobedient. He stresses that everyone is responsible for justice not only across the nation but also around the world. Justice is not contained or defined by mere law.

What was Martin Luther King’s purpose in writing Letter from Birmingham Jail?

When King was jailed at the Birmingham jail, he came across a statement that was issued by eight white religious leaders of the South. The statement was calling him out on a demonstration he had conducted as “unwise and untimely.” He wrote the Critical Analysis of Letter From Birmingham Jail to answer criticism of his work and ideas.

How does King answer the major criticisms raised in the letter?

It indicates that outsiders were directing the demonstration in Birmingham, making tensions worse, they were also encouraging disrespect of the law. King was in Birmingham as he was honouring an invitation by local affiliate at Birmingham to engage in a non-violent direct-action program in case it was necessary. They agreed, and when the time came, they lived up to their promise.

What best describes the central theme of Martin Luther King’s Letter from Birmingham Jail?

People have a moral obligation to disobey an unjust law. Martin Luther’s general theme in his letter is justice and how people should find and fight for it. We can see this idea in a phrase like, “We know through painful experiences that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.”

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What is a good thesis statement for Letter from Birmingham Jail?

The main thesis statement for this letter is that racial injustice or segregation to the black American society was due to the continuous encouragement of the white American society, especially the dominant communities in religions and politics.

What is the purpose of King’s letter?

The purpose of King’s letter was to defend the tactics, motivation, and the goal of the Critical Analysis of Letter From Birmingham Jail campaign and the civil rights movement. King’s letter began by him responding to criticism of him and his fellow activists being “outsiders” and them causing trouble in the Birmingham streets. Letter from Birmingham jail rhetorical analysis.

What was King’s purpose for writing the letter?

King’s purpose in writing the letter was to defend the strategy he used, which was non-violent resistance to oppression and racism. Letter from Birmingham jail analysis ethos, pathos, logos indicates that everyone has a moral obligation to break an unjust law peacefully. What did the letter from Birmingham jail accomplish? The letter from Birmingham jail accomplished a positive outcome.” Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere”. The letter was written during the Birmingham campaign in 1963, and it was published widely and became an essential text for the American Civil Rights Movement

Critical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail

What were the 9 criticisms from Birmingham jail letter

  • It is not King’s place to interfere with the city of Birmingham as an ‘outsider.’

King explains he was invited in Birmingham by local affiliates to engage in a non-violent direct action program, which was necessary. When the time came, we honoured his word.

  • It is inappropriate for King to get his point across through public demonstrations

It was evident that the white power structure at Birmingham did not leave them with any alternative because of the continued racial practices by local merchants, unremitted violence, and the political leader’s unwillingness to negotiate. King described the four basic steps that end with non-violent direction action. The other three include facts, gathering, negotiations, and self-purification.

  • Negotiation is a better path than direct action.

Its true negotiation is a better path, but when no one listens to their voices, their only option is direct action. Non-violent direct actions aim is to create a crisis and creativity and establishing tension in a society that has refused negotiation hence forced to confront the issue.

  • The negro’s community should be more patient and wait for society to move gradually towards civil rights.

Martin Luther points out that freedom is never given voluntarily by the oppressors. There were many different examples where African Americans suffered from racial policies and attitudes like ‘why we find it difficult to wait.’ He provided many illustrations that explained

‘our legitimate and unavoidable impatience.’

  • Breaking laws

After legitimate concerns were acknowledged, kings bring about several paragraphs defending lawbreaking as a moral act, basing it on the fact that there are just laws and unjust laws. He described the difference between a law that degrades or uplifts human personality.

  1. The society being confronted with demands for social justice, regardless of how peaceful the method is, its provoking violence to occur. King had two disappointments, and both expressed his profound disappointment. Each of them directs the cowardice and hypocrisy, and each of them has to do with specific American groups who are called out by political stance, and by race, they are quite explicit.
  2. Direct political action is acts of extreme such as the Birmingham demonstrations. In this part of his letter, he talks of two Negro community forces with a critical eye: the radical and the complacent. The complacent are in two groups, the few middle-class Negroes that correspond to the white moderate.
    • The second category is those that racism and poverty have beaten them down and can’t stand for themselves because they are too tired. He later warns his readers of the members of the Muslim movement and the black nationalists who are the middle-class black Americans for been real extremists. He describes these groups as hatred and bitter, and their stated racism against the whites. King places himself in between and not the extreme black American.
  3. Oppressed people cannot forever remain oppressed. People are hungry for freedom, and now it is manifesting itself, and that’s what the American Negros are experiencing. He explains how something has reminded him of his birthright of freedom, and lack of it has made him realize how badly it is needed.
  4. Police brutality. The police did not handle the demonstration of a degree of discipline according to Critical Analysis of Letter From Birmingham Jail. The police had conducted in public nonviolently. But due to that purpose, it was preventing the evil system of segregation.

Critical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Jail

Do you have a critical analysis assignment you need to analyze, either a book, a letter, or a film? If yes, the steps above will assist you in creating the best critical analysis without difficulties. Experts at help students with any kind of assignment. Visit for more information and other services, and you can visit UKessays.

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