Health Issues and Risks
I would confirm the childhood obesity by obtaining their percentile ranking by using the body mass index (BMI). The ratio of one’s weight to height can be used to defeminize the amount of fat in the child’s body. If the BMI is within or above the 95th percentile, then the child is obese. A medical practitioner would have to screen the child for various conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, a fatty liver, mental health problems.
Additionally, it is essential to test their blood for various lipids, such as HDL cholesterol, cholesterol, and triglycerides. If the child’s BMI is between the 85th and 95th percentile, the child may not be obese but are at the risk of obesity.
Therefore, a doctor would have to check the family history concerning cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity. Regular BMI tests would be prescribed to the child to monitor their body mass index progress closely. It would also be essential to assess their weight’s emotional and psychological impact to understand their they could predispose the body to further obesity in children. The psychosocial aspect of the child’s wellbeing concerning their obesity can be determined by looking into their sadness, depression, and sleep disturbances.
It would also be imperative that the medical practitioner gets insight into the child’s eating habits, their activity levels, and other conditions related to their physical health. Further blood tests can be carried on the child to check whether they could be having hormonal imbalance. It would also be important to into the child’s diet and eating habits.
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Factors that lead to Childhood Obesity
The overweight is due to the intake of excess calories, or the calories are taken are not fully utilized, and the excess is stored in the body in the form of fat cells, thus making the child obese. It would also be essential to understand the factors that could have led to his obesity, for example, whether the obesity is due to the child’s genetic or learned behavior from their parent. Parents or caregivers play an important role in the child’s relationship with food, such as their sensitivity and reaction to fullness and hunger.
The boy’s parents may encourage the child to eat until the plate is empty to not encourage the child’s sensitivity to fullness by asking them if they are full or not before feeding them further. It is also possible that the parents encourage the overweight by rewarding the child’s good behavior with food or comforting or expressing love to them with food items.
Childhood Obesity Lifestyle and Environment
The child’s lifestyle and environment are a significant contributor to obesity; for example, his parent not having adequate time or resources to make a healthy meal. His parents are also exposing themselves and some to too much entertainment content and commercials that endorse food products. The community al large too contributes to the obesity of a family with most social activities held around food. It would also be necessary to consider eating disorders to be one of the causes of obesity in the family, for example, anorexia and bulimia.
Childhood Obesity Genetic Factors
Genetic factors are among the most likely contributors to the boy’s obesity, the genetic factor since his parents are overweight. Genes affect the child’s body reacting to the food and eat more calories than they need for energy and growth. It is also imperative to consider that medical factors for obesity as he and his family could be having a hormonal disorder or under certain medication could slow the conversion of calories into energy and not fat cells (Rao et al., 2016).
The following questions would be used to draw information from the parents about the child’s overweight:
- How is the family diet?
- Do you exercise or encourage your son to engage in physical activities, for example, playing?
- Are there other people within the extended family who are overweight as well?
Many methods can be used to treat childhood obesity, such as encouraging the child to engage in physical activities, controlling the child’s eating habits, medication use, and weight loss surgery. The two most effective strategies to encourage the parent are physical activities and controlling their eating disorders. One can relay this information by encouraging the parents to have a healthy diet and encourage them to eat healthily.
They can prioritize vegetables and fruits, limit sweetened foods and beverages, and encourage each family member to serve a reasonable proportion of food. The family’s recreational activities should surround other activities than food and encourage themselves and their son to be sensitive to fullness and stop eating whenever they feel full. Regular physical activities are another effective strategy that can help the entire family lose weight.
The parent can be encouraging to accompany their child. They can limit the time spent on passive entertainment activities such as social media, video games, and television. Family physical activities should include the favorite activities of each of the members (Bleich et al., 2018).
- Bleich, S. N., Vercammen, K. A., Zatz, L. Y., Frelier, J. M., Ebbeling, C. B., & Peeters, A. (2018). Interventions to prevent global childhood overweight and obesity: a systematic review. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 6(4), 332-346.
- Center for Disease Control. (2020). Childhood Overweight and Obesity. Center for Disease Control.
- Rao, D. P., Kropac, E., Do, M. T., Roberts, K. C., & Jayaraman, G. C. (2016). Childhood overweight and obesity trends in Canada. Health promotion and chronic disease prevention in Canada: research, policy and practice, 36(9), 194.